Hip osteoarthritis ( coxarthrosis) is a degenerative disease of the hip joint that can be accompanied by severe pain. As the cartilage is gradually broken down in hip osteoarthritis and the bones rub directly against each other, inflammation can occur in addition to pain.
There are various causes for the development of hip osteoarthritis. This can be triggered by injuries, heredity, malpositions or incorrect stresses on the joint, for example, and occurs predominantly in advanced age. Appropriate exercise and other measures, such as weight reduction, can reduce the symptoms of hip osteoarthritis.
Symptoms of hip osteoarthritis
Hip osteoarthritis (coxarthrosis) can cause different symptoms, which can vary depending on the severity of the disease. While the pain in the hip joint initially occurs only with exertion and subsides during periods of rest, in the advanced stage it is also noticeable during periods of rest. In addition, the mobility in the hip joint becomes increasingly limited, which can manifest itself in a stiffness of the joint. This leads to movement restrictions that make simple activities such as climbing stairs or going for a walk difficult. In a more advanced stage, gait disturbances may occur, which are favored by the pain and restricted movement.
Prompt treatment can slow the progression of the disease and relieve symptoms. In the best case, the mobility of the joint can be improved.
Treatment of hip osteoarthritis
There are several ways to treat hip osteoarthritis. It is recommended to find out the cause in order to be able to initiate individual measures. It is important that the treatment of osteoarthritis is tailored to the individual patient. A physical therapist can make an accurate diagnosis and recommend appropriate therapy.
Targeted physical therapy can help improve hip joint mobility, strengthen muscles and relieve pain. Exercises to strengthen the hip muscle and the gluteal muscle are recommended. At the same time, it may also be advisable to adjust sporting activities and avoid stressful activities.
If excess weight exists, weight loss can reduce pressure on the hip joint and thus relieve pain, especially since excess weight can put permanent stress on the hip.
Overall, there are several options to alleviate the symptoms of hip osteoarthritis and improve quality of life. It is important to discuss individualized treatment with a physical therapist to determine the best course of action.
Using a holistic approach that includes both movement and lifestyle changes can help improve hip mobility and relieve pain.